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First Horse Domestication 3500 B.C.

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Archaeologists claim to have discovered evidence that puts the date of early horse domestication around 3500 B.C., which is a millennium earlier than originally thought. A New York Times article quotes cites an international team of archaeologists who found that pastoral people on the Kazakh steppes may have been the first to domesticate horses.

Recent discoveries have turned previous ideas of what we thought we knew about the history of the horse on it's head. Previously, it was thought that the first cultures to domestic horses were of Indo-European decent. Specifically archaeologists uncovered a significant number of horse bones accompanied by artifacts thought to be used in horse domestication.
Additional evidence was discovered in the form of marks on the horses’ teeth and skeletal tissue damage inside of the horses mouth. Researchers surmise that the skeletal damage was undoubtedly caused by the wearing of simplistic bits inserted for harnessing to control the animal.

Very interesting stuff - we're learning more and more about the historical ties between the horse and the human race.
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